Less than half of America's wetlands remain. If you are choosing to purchase a wetland or if you already own a wetland, making modifications to or building on the wetland can be challenging. There are regulations that restrict what you are allowed to do. You may also be required to obtain a permit in order to be allowed to build upon or make modifications to a wetland.
Depositing Fill Material And Grading
There may be restrictions on whether you can deposit fill material. You may also need a permit if you will be engaging in grading in order to change the contours of the land. Adding soil to a wetland can introduce pollutants that can lead to the degradation of this resource. Soil can contain pesticides, heavy metals, weeds and selenium. The introduction weeds and other organisms can contribute to the problem of invasive species.
Removing Soil Or Minerals
You may be restricted on whether you can remove soil or minerals. Soil and minerals play an important role in the health of vegetation in the surrounding area. Also, the removal of soil and minerals can lead to the loss of biodiversity.
Draining Surface Water
You may not be allowed to drain surface water. You may not be allowed to dig a pond. Draining the surface water can be highly destructive to fish and vegetation. The loss of biodiversity has a negative impact on the ecosystem and can lead to staggering losses in fauna and flora.
There might be restrictions on whether you are allowed to maintain or develop structures on your property, such as a boardwalk. Even structures that may seem as if they have a minimal impact can actually disrupt the wetlands.
Avoid cutting down trees unless you have permission. You may not even be allowed to remove tree stumps. The mechanical clearing of vegetation, such as shrubs, may also require a permit. Trees and other vegetation provide homes for wildlife and also help remove carbon from the atmosphere.
If you are unsure about whether you can build on your wetland, it is recommended that you consult with a specialist who will assist you in obtaining the proper permits. You may need NJDEP/CAFRA permitting, for example. While acquiring permits might seem like a hassle, wetlands play an important role. They purify the water, protect shorelines from erosion and provide a habitat for fish and birds. For more information, contact a business such as Crest Engineering Associates.